Thursday, 4 April 2019

Writing Task 1 - General







General Writing Task 1
For the general writing task 1 test, you would be expected to write a letter, formal or informal. Unlike the traditional methods used in writing letters, in the IELTS writing test you do not need to write any address. You also do not need to write any date. Just kick start your letter with:

Dear ____________,

In this general writing task 1, a situation would be described and you would be given three bullet points which you must address in your letter. The box below gives a typical example of how it looks like.



You are planning a big party to celebrate a special event
               Write a letter to a friend. In your letter,
  • explain why you are giving the party
  • describe the place where the party will be held
  •  say why you want your friend to come to the party
                   Write at least 150 words.

Steps To Take
Step 1: Determine the task
In the general writing task 1, before writing, ask yourself: What am I expected to write on? Am I expected make an invitation? Ask for help? Suggest a solution to a problem? Make a complaint? Describe a place or a thing? These questions are very important because your task will be based on any of them.

Step 2: Determine the topic and write the topic sentence
You can get the topic from the question. The first few sentences describing the situation (as in the question above, the sentence describing the situation is: You are planning a big party to celebrate a special event) would help you to coin out the topic and with the topic you can form your topic sentence. We shall take a practice session soonest.

Step 3: Think about ideas
Before writing, take out a few minutes to think about how to respond to the three bullet points you are expected to write on. I must say here that you MUST address all three points in your letter. Remember task achievement?

Step 4:Make an outline
As already explained in the writing task 1 - academic section, your outline is the skeleton on which your write-up would be built. Start with the topic and the ideas you have chosen for each point. Then add supporting details to your ideas.

The format of the outline should look like this:

Introduction
  • Topic:______________________________________
Body
  • Point(or idea) 1:______________________________
                - Supporting detail 1:_______________________

                - Supporting detail 2:________________________

                - Supporting detail 3:______________(if available)

  • Point (or idea) 2:______________________________
                - Supporting detail 1:_______________________

                - Supporting detail 2:_______________________

                - Supporting detail 3:_____________(if available)

  • Point (or idea) 3:______________________________
                - Supporting detail 1:________________________

                - Supporting detail 2:________________________

                - Supporting detail 3:_____________(if available)

NOTE:  Since you have three bullet points to write on, you must have three points or ideas in the       body. Then each point can have two or more supporting details.

Step 5: Write the introduction
After your salutation, "Dear ______________", what follows is the first paragraph - the introduction. The introduction should state the topic sentence as well as the summary of the points or ideas you will discuss in the body. The rule for writing a good introduction is:

INTRODUCTION = TOPIC SENTENCE + SUMMARY OF IDEAS

You can begin the topic sentence with any of the following phrases.
  • I am writing to let you know___________________
  • I want to inform you____________________
  • I am writing to request________________________
  • I thought I should let you know_________________
Step 6: Write the body
After the introduction, what comes next is the body. Ideally, since the question contains three bullet points the body should also contain three paragraphs. Each paragraph for a point and its supporting details.

Step 7: Write the conclusion
Depending on what the topic of your letter is, end your letter with a brief conclusion. The following suggestions can be of help when writing a conclusion.
  • If the letter is an invitation letter, you can start your conclusion using any of the following:
             - I look forward to seeing you________________

             - I hope you can accept my invitation____________

             - Please let me know if you will be able to____________

  • If the letter requires that you suggest some solutions to a problem, you can start your conclusion using any of the following:
             - I hope we can agree on a solution to these problems__________

             - I hope you will be willing to accept my solution____________

             - Let me know what you think of my ideas__________________





Practice

Question



You are planning a big party to celebrate a special event
               Write a letter to a friend. In your letter,
  • explain why you are giving the party
  • describe the place where the party will be held
  •  say why you want your friend to come to the party
                   Write at least 150 words.

Solution

Step 1: Determine the task
What do you think this task is about? It is clear enough. The task is to write a letter of invitation.

Step 2: Determine the topic and write the topic sentence
The topic is: Planning a party
The topic sentence could be written as: I am writing to inform you about a party I am planning for      October 21, 2019.

Step 3: Think about the idea for each bullet point
    • For bullet point 1
    Idea: My graduation party (You can choose any idea you can write on as long as it is relevant to the topic
    • For bullet point 2
    Idea: Cane wood hotel ( You can choose any place of your choice)
    • For bullet point 3
    Idea: You are a true friend (You can choose any reason why you want the friend to come to the party)
    Step 4: Make an outline
    Introduction
           Topic: Planning a party

    Body
           Point 1: My graduation party
                  - supporting detail 1: It was not easy gaining admission
                  - supporting detail 2: Things were very difficult in school
                  - supporting detail 3: Graduated as the best student

           Point 2: Cane wood hotel
                  - supporting detail 1: Jakpa Road, Effurun, Delta State
                  - supporting detail 2: It is fitting place

           Point 3: You are a true friend
                  - supporting detail 1: You were there for me
                  - supporting detail 2: Just want to appreciate you

     Step 5: Write the Introduction
    The introduction could look like this:

    I am writing to inform you about a party I am planning for October 21, 2019. I am celebrating because I have finally graduated as a mechanical engineer. The party will be held at Cane Wood Hotel and since you are so dear to me I would really appreciate your presence. 

    Did you notice that the introduction is a combination of your topic sentence and a summary of the ideas you will discuss in the body of the letter?

    Remember: INTRODUCTION = TOPIC SENTENCE + SUMMARY OF IDEAS

     Step 6:  Write the Body
    Here is how the body could look like:

    I am so very glad and grateful to the almighty God that I have finally graduated as a mechanical engineer and I will be celebrating that on October 21, 2019. You know what I went through before I gained that admission. I spent three precious years writing JAMB before I succeeded. Besides, my parents were not well-off financially, so securing the admission and sustaining my financial needs throughout my years of schooling was a tug of war. So I thought it is worth celebrating especially since I graduated as the best student in my faculty.

    I have decided to hold the party at Cane Wood Hotels. My friend's elder brother is the Manager and he has offered to assist me with the event hall as a way of congratulating me on my successful graduation. It is located along Jakpa Road, Effurun, Delta State. The hotel's hall is well furnished and has a lot of  side attractions as well as a live band which always thrills people.

    It is my pleasure to invite you to this party because you are a true friend indeed. You've stuck with me through thick and thin. You supported me both emotionally, financially and otherwise. I really hope you can be there to celebrate with me.

    Step 7: Conclusion
    You could conclude like this:

    I look forward to seeing you there.

    So if you put everything together, the letter would look like this:

    Dear Vicky,

    I am writing to inform you about a party I am planning for October 21, 2019. I am celebrating because I have finally graduated as a mechanical engineer. The party will be held at Cane Wood Hotel and since you are so dear to me I would really appreciate your presence. 

    I am so very glad and grateful to the almighty God that I have finally graduated as a mechanical engineer and I will be celebrating that on October 21, 2019. You know what I went through before I gained that admission. I spent three precious years writing JAMB before I succeeded. Besides, my parents were not well-off financially, so securing the admission and sustaining my financial needs throughout my years of schooling was a tug of war. So I thought it is worth celebrating especially since I graduated as the best student in my faculty.

    I have decided to hold the party at Cane Wood Hotels. My friend's elder brother is the Manager and he has offered to assist me with the event hall as a way of congratulating me on my successful graduation. it is located along Jakpa Road, Effurun, Delta State. The hotel's hall is well furnished and has a lot of  side attractions as well as a live band which always thrills people.

    It is my pleasure to invite you to this party because you are a true friend indeed. You've stuck with me through thick and thin. You supported me both emotionally, financially and otherwise. I really hope you can be there to celebrate with me.

    I look forward to seeing you there.

    Yours ever,
    Martin. 

    Exercise 1

    You are going to spend your vacation in a foreign country. You have never been there before. Your cousin has a friend who lives there.

     Write a letter to the friend. In your letter,
    • introduce yourself
    • say why you are making the trip
    •  ask some questions about the city
                       Write at least 150 words.

    Guide
    Step 1: Determine the task:_________________

    Step 2: Determine the topic and write the topic sentence
    • Topic:____________________________
    • Topic Sentence:____________________ 

    Step 3: Think about ideas
    • For bullet point 1
                        Idea:________________________

    • For bullet point 2
                        Idea:________________________

    • For bullet point3
                        Idea:_________________________

    Step 4: Make an outline
    • Introduction
                        Topic:________________________

    • Body
                        Point (or idea) 1:___________________
                                - Supporting detail 1:____________
                                - Supporting detail 2:______________
                                - Supporting detail 3:________(if available)

                        Point (or idea) 2:__________________________
                                - Supporting detail 1:___________________
                                - Supporting detail 2:___________________
                                - Supporting detail 3:_________(if available)

                        Point (or idea) 3:__________________________
                                - Supporting detail 1:___________________
                                - Supporting detail 2:___________________
                                - Supporting detail 3:_________(if available)

    Step 5: Write the introduction

    _____________________________________________________
    _____________________________________________________
    _____________________________________________________
    _____________________________________________________
    _____________________________________________________

    Step 6: Write the body
    ____________________________________________________
    ____________________________________________________
    ____________________________________________________
    ____________________________________________________
    ____________________________________________________
    ____________________________________________________
    ____________________________________________________

    Step 7: Conclusion
    ____________________________________________________
    ____________________________________________________
    ____________________________________________________
    ____________________________________________________

    NOTE: As soon as you are done drafting the outline, the next step is to start writing on your answer sheet. Your introduction, body and conclusion should all be done on your answer sheet.
             

    A1 GRADE





    Exercise 2



    You stayed at a hotel last week. After you got home, you realized that you had left your watch behind.

    Write a letter to the hotel manager. In your letter,
    • explain what happened to your watch
    • describe your watch
    • ask the manager to help you find it.  


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