Sunday, 7 April 2019

Writing Task 2








Writing Task 2
For the IELTS writing task 2, the format is the same whether you are sitting for the academic or general test. You will be given a topic to write an essay on. In the essay, you will be expected to write on any of the following:
  • suggest solutions to a problem
  • discuss two points of view and give your own
  • agree or disagree on a topic
  • describe the advantages and disadvantages of  a situation
Steps To Take
Step 1:  Determine the task
The very first step to take in order to succeed in any writing task is determining the task. If you do not understand what you are expected to write on, you may write out of point and that will definitely count against you. I am positive you don't want that. So it is vitally important that you understand the task before writing.

Step 2: Form a thesis statement
A thesis statement is a short summary of the main point of an essay. It states what the essay is about. It is very important because it will help you to organize your writing.

Step 3: Organize your writing (or make an outline)
After writing the thesis statement, the next step to take is to support it with main ideas. You can use two or three main ideas to support your thesis. Then use the ideas to form topic sentences. Under each main idea, write two or three supporting ideas.

Step 4: Write an introduction
The introduction of your essay must be able to captivate the attention of your reader. It should tell him how you want to develop your essay. How do you write it? Start with your thesis statement and then summarize the main ideas. The formular is:

INTRODUCTION = THESIS STATEMENT + SUMMARY OF MAIN POINTS

Your introduction can either be weak or strong. A weak introduction is one that contains only the thesis statement without a summary of the main points. It could also be one that contains an inappropriate thesis statement. Whereas a strong introduction is one that contains an appropriate thesis statement as well as a summary of the main points to be discussed.

We shall see examples on these later.

Step 5: Write the body
The essay is made up of different paragraphs. The introduction forms the first paragraph. The next paragraph marks the beginning of the body. Ideally, the number of paragraphs you should have in the body is a function of the number of main ideas you have developed. So if you have two main ideas, your body should have two paragraphs. In the same vain, if you have three main points, the body of your essay should contain three paragraphs and so on.

Each paragraph should contain the topic sentence, which can come at the start, in the middle or at the end of the paragraph. Each topic sentence should be coined from each main idea. Hence, each topic sentence tells what each paragraph is about. It helps your reader to follow your line of reasoning. So it is important to write a good topic sentence.

Step 6: Write the conclusion
The conclusion is the last paragraph of your essay. It should reinforce the content of your essay. A good conclusion should leave a lasting impression in the mind of your reader. It should remind your reader of your intentions.




Practice

Question


Some people believe that success means earning a lot of money
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give reasons for your answers and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Solution 
Step 1: Determine the task
The task here is to agree or disagree with the notion that "success means earning a lot of money".

Note that you are to agree or disagree. You must choose one. In deciding whether to agree or disagree, please do not use sentiments, as there are no wrong or right answers. Choose the one you know you have more points to support.

For this example, let's assume we disagree.

Step 2: Write a thesis statement
Remember how to form a thesis statement? It could look like this:

It is a common notion to some people that success is determined by how much money a person earns, but in my candid opinion, I do not agree with that, as success can be measured by different yardsticks.     

Step 3: Organize your point (draw an outline)
  • Main idea 1: A good name is better than riches
              - Supporting idea 1: You become trustworthy
              - Supporting idea 2: You become well respected


  • Main idea 2: Having genuine happiness
               - Happiness from having a good relationship with people
               - Happiness from having a sense of contentment

  • Main idea 3: Having God's approval
                - Prospect for the future
                - earning blessings from God even now

Note: Please add relevant examples from your knowledge or experience (which must not be real).

Step 4: Write the introduction
As already noted, your introduction can be weak or strong. Let's see an example of a weak introduction.

It is a common notion to some people that success is determined by how much money a person earns, but in my candid opinion, I do not  agree with that, as success can be measured by different yardsticks.

This is a weak introduction because it just contains the thesis statement. However, see an example of a strong introduction below.


It is a common notion to some people that success is determined by how much money a person earns, but in my candid opinion, I do not agree with that, as success can be measured by different yardsticks. If a person has a good name, to me that is true success. Genuine happiness, which no amount of money can buy, should also be an invaluable yardstick for measuring success. Besides, success is a function of  God's approval on an individual.

The introduction above is indeed a strong one because it contains an appropriate thesis and a good summary of the main ideas.

Step 5: Write the body
Below is a sample of how the body could look like:

Like the saying goes, " A good name is better than riches", no matter how much money a person has at his disposal, if he does not have a good name, society frowns at him. Someone who has a good name is seen as trustworthy and others would want to entrust valuable things under his care. What is more? Such a man earns the respect of others. An example that comes readily to my mind is my grandfather. Although he was not financially buoyant, the people in the community in which he resided unanimously appointed him as the community ruler even in the presence of  affluent men who were lobbying for the position. That's true success.

In addition, there is something that usually eludes people, especially the rich. That's genuine happiness. A man can be truly happy if he has a good relationship with people, especially his loved ones. This kind of happiness stems from the heart and there is no amount of money a person earns that can bring it. Furthermore, if a person has a sense of contentment, irrespective of how much he earns, he can be truly happy. That's  indeed success.

Next, having the approval of God, in my opinion, is the most reliable indication of success, as every good gift and perfect presents come from Him. If a person has the approval of the Almighty God, he is guaranteed of lots of blessings now and in the future.

Step 6: Write the conclusion
See a sample of the conclusion below

All in all, while earning a lot of money is not wrong in itself, it shouldn't be used as a sole determinant for success. Other factors like having a good name, having genuine happiness and having God's approval are very important in determining how successful a person is.

Now let's put everything together to form a whole.

    
It is a common notion to some people that success is determined by how much money a person earns, but in my candid opinion, I do not agree with that, as success can be measured by different yardsticks. If a person has a good name, to me that is true success. Genuine happiness, which no amount of money can buy, should also be an invaluable yardstick for measuring success. Besides, success is a function of  God's approval on an individual.

Like the saying goes, " A good name is better than riches", no matter how much money a person has at his disposal, if he does not have a good name, society frowns at him. Someone who has a good name is seen as trustworthy and others would want to entrust valuable things under his care. What is more? Such a man earns the respect of others. An example that comes readily to my mind is my grandfather. Although he was not financially buoyant, the people in the community in which he resided unanimously appointed him as the community ruler even in the presence of  affluent men who were lobbying for the position. That's true success.
In addition, there is something that usually eludes people, especially the rich. That's genuine happiness. A man can be truly happy if he has a good relationship with people, especially his loved ones. This kind of happiness stems from the heart and there is no amount of money a person earns that can bring it. Furthermore, if a person has a sense of contentment, irrespective of how much he earns, he can be truly happy. That's  indeed success.

Next, having the approval of God, in my opinion, is the most reliable indication of success, as every good gift and perfect presents come from Him. If a person has the approval of the Almighty God, he is guaranteed of lots of blessings now and in the future.

All in all, while earning a lot of money is not wrong in itself, it shouldn't be used as a sole determinant for success. Other factors like having a good name, having genuine happiness and having God's approval are very important in determining how successful a person is.


Exercise 1


Children today spend more time watching television than they did in the past. Describe some of the advantages and disadvantages of television for children

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Guide
Step 1: Determine the task

_________________________________
_________________________________
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Step 2: Write a thesis statement
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Step 3: Draw an outline
  • Main idea 1:________________
          - Supporting idea 1:_____________
          - Supporting idea 2:_____________
          - Supporting idea 3:____(if available)

  • Main idea 2:__________________
            - Supporting idea 1:___________
            - Supporting idea 2:___________
            - Supporting idea 3:____(if available)

  • Main idea 3:__________________
            - Supporting idea 1:___________
            - Supporting idea 2:___________
            - Supporting idea 3_____(if available)

Step 4: Write the introduction
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 Step 5: Write the body
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Step 6: Write the conclusion
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Exercise 2



Families who do not send their children to government financed schools should not be required to pay taxes that support universal education

 To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant example from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.



Guide
Step 1: Determine the task

__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________

Step 2: Write a thesis statement
__________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
________________________________
_________________________________

Step 3: Draw an outline
  • Main idea 1:__________________
            - Supporting idea 1:___________
            - Supporting idea 2:___________
            - Supporting idea 3:_____(if available)

  • Main idea 2:__________________
            - Supporting idea 1:___________
            - Supporting idea 2:___________
            - Supporting idea 3:______(if available)

  • Main idea 3:__________________
            - Supporting idea 1____________
            - Supporting idea 2____________
            - Supporting idea 3:_______(if available)

Step 4: Write the introduction
__________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________

 Step 5: Write the body
__________________________________
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Step 6: Write the conclusion
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 Exercise 3



As the world becomes technologically advanced, computers are replacing people at more and more jobs

What are some job positions that may be lost because of computers? What are some possible problems that may result from this situation?


 Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant example from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.



Guide
Step 1: Determine the task

__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________

Step 2: Write a thesis statement
__________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
________________________________
_________________________________

Step 3: Draw an outline
  • Main idea 1:__________________
            - Supporting idea 1:___________
            - Supporting idea 2:___________
            - Supporting idea 3:_____(if available)

  • Main idea 2:__________________
            - Supporting idea 1:___________
            - Supporting idea 2:___________
            - Supporting idea 3:______(if available)

  • Main idea 3:__________________
            - Supporting idea 1____________
            - Supporting idea 2____________
            - Supporting idea 3:_______(if available)

Step 4: Write the introduction
__________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________

 Step 5: Write the body
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
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__________________________________
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__________________________________
___________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________

Step 6: Write the conclusion
__________________________________
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  A1 GRADE 


3 comments:

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